|A medieval baker with his apprentice (Image link:|
www.wikipedia.org, Scanned from Maggie Black's
"Den medeltida kokboken", Swedish translation of
The Medieval Cookbook, ISBN 91-7712-380-8,
accessed 8th Feb 2014)
A baker is someone who makes, bakes and sells, bread, cookies, pastries, biscuits, rolls, cakes and crackers which required an oven to be cooked in.
There are different types of bakers:
- Brown bakers who produce coarser bread from barley, rye and buckwheat
- White bakers who produce goods with white flour.
- Pastry chef who would make cakes and pastries.
- Confectioner would maker products rich in sugar.
|Molten-centred Chocolate Cupcakes|
In the past some bakers would hire out their ovens to the general public to cook their own bread, as few houses had ovens until the late 19th century.
Work was long and exhausting for a baker. They would work long days, making the dough overnight to bake ready for their customers in the early morning. It was physically demanding with the heavy mixing and kneading.
(Image link: www.wikipedia.org, Author: Klaus Hopfner,
2 April 2007, accessed 8th Feb 2014)
It was reasonably common for a baker to also have a secondary business as a miller, corn & meal seller, yeast dealer, confectioner or even a publican who had a public oven as well as a public house.
A bakers life expectancy was much shorter as they spent most of their life breathing in flour dust which caused nasty lung diseases.
Information from: Your Family Tree magazine Issue 126 (March 2013)
Wikipedia - Baker